In 1971, the Pakistani military junta wanted to prevent Bengalis of then East Pakistan from pursuing their just demands by using brute force. When the Pakistani army unleashed a genocidal attack on unarmed civilians on March 25, citizens of East Pakistan revolted, and after a nine-month war that resulted in a great deal of bloodshed and suffering, East Pakistan emerged as an independent nation — Bangladesh. The ideals of Liberation War thus entail, among other things, resistance to unjust display of power, tyrannical and exploitative rule, sexual violence, religious intolerance, and racial hatred. The freedom fighters and founding fathers of Bangladesh also deeply valued shared identity as Bengalis that bound people of all religions in the country. This struggle and genocide, often ignored by the global discourse, needs to be revisited for a better world tomorrow. Bangladesh celebrates 50 years of its independence that was preceded by 100 years of birth anniversary of Sheikh Mujibur Rehman, founding father of Bangladesh, brutally assassinated by anti-Liberation forces backed by their international partners, four years after independence. The birth of Bangladesh coincides with creation of diplomatic ties between Bangladesh and India. And as the two celebrate 50 years of diplomatic ties, partnership is getting stronger by the day. The two not only share land and maritime boundary but share a common history, culture and heritage. It may be recalled that India stood as a rock and played a pivotal role in their freedom struggle. The 1971 Indo-Pak war helped liberate people of East Pakistan who suffered one of the worst genocides in human history. This book is a tribute to the birth of the new nation 50 years back and honour the valiant freedom struggle of common people of erstwhile East Pakistan. This publication hopes to honour the fallen heroes which will inspire generations to come and serve as a ready reference to the events of 1971—a watershed year in the history of mankind. The book is a collectors’ item and features one important event almost on each day of 1971, capturing freedom movement culminating in the creation of Bangladesh. Each event (news story or photograph) was curated from the news & photograph of that event published in a leading daily between January-December 1971 across the world. The book has been edited by Narendra Kumar, India's foremost publisher (Har-Anand Publications) who has been a pioneer in his field and has closely observed the events of 1971 through publication of famous book Rape of Bangladesh by journalist Anthony Mascarenhas. This collector’s item would not have been a reality without constant encouragement from Dipanjan Roy Chaudhury, Diplomatic Editor, The Economic Times.
Acknowledged among India’s most distinguished educations, Narendra Kumar had been responsible for creating an education system responsive to the changing societal needs at national and international level. He had taken bold steps which have the potential of revolutionizing the educational scenario in India. Kumar has varied interests and has written books on Central Asia and Africa, and also edited books on publishing. He has won many national and international awards including “Order of the Star of the Italian Solidarity” conferred by the President of the Republic of Italy as well as he was the youngest publisher to have been inducted into the Indian Publishing Hall of Fame. A man of varied interests, Narendra Kumar is an eminent publisher, educationist and sports administrator. He has written several books on publishing, education and foreign heads of states. He has extensively lectured both in India and abroad. He heads several institutions including the recently set-up Independent Think Tank. The present work is based on author's tribute to the bravehearts of Bangladesh & the sacrifices made by them to ensure the honour and dignity of their people.